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1.1. The number of ethnic groups.
The number of Russian in Ingushetia, Chechnya and Dagestan is less than 5%3. Russian-speaking population is an important factor. The prolonged crisis in Russia cannot absorb Russian immigrants from the former Soviet Union4. But there is an additional motive to keep Russian in the CIS countries - they are "living bridge" with Russia and give rise to its intervention. Therefore, the main interest of the Russian Federation is the safety and well-being of Russian-speakers in their current places of residence. The absence of a "living bridge", especially in the Russian Federation, puts the security of the state in critical condition5.
According to the Academy of Sciences (Atlas, 2008), the total number of indigenous peoples in the Southern and North Caucasus Federal District (excluding Russian) is about 6 million people. Among them the people of the Turkic language group is 1.5 million people. Next to them are about 2 million members of ethnic groups, most of which has its own public education outside of Russia (Armenians, Greeks, Kazakhs, etc.). Form of self-organization of the latter is not state or administrative-territorial entities, and mono-settlement and societies.
Since the 1990s in almost all republics of the NC natural raise of the population is observed. Even in the most difficult time (middle and second half of 1990.), it remained positive and was near zero. The leaders are Dagestan, Ingushetia. According to the 2002 census, the average increase was about 15%, while the champions Ingush even more than 30%6. Of course, we cannot ignore the factor of fraud for overstating the number (for example, in order to obtain subsidies for the dead souls, pensions, maternity capital), but even this factor does not detract from a significant number of large families, high life expectancy (the absence of exogenous harmful factors, including alcohol abuse). And each republic has its own specific ethnoprocesses. Ingushetia. Area is 4 sq. km. Population is 508 090, or 0.36% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). Ingush (self - Gilgal), with the Chechens, Chechens akkintsi, Kistintsi and batsbiytsi are Vainakh (Nakh) ethnic group. The total number of Ingush is about 550 thousand people. Most of the Ingush live in Ingushetiа7, until 1992, the Ingush compact settlements existed in the Suburb and the city of Vladikavkaz in North Ossetia.
Administrative-territorial division are 3 towns, 6 urban districts, 4 administrative districts, 27 rural administrations. Ingushetia is a republic with very minimal share of Russian, while with the highest population density. Ingushetia is almost mononational republic, only the Chechens (15%) are presented in some areas (Malgobek, Nazran).
Chechnya. Chechens - self nokhchi. Population - 1238452 or 0.87% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). Currently, the Chechen society is divided into teips 170-180. The main division of them, even on psychological criteria, there is the mountain (about 100-110 teips) and plain (about 70 teips). Most of the representatives of one teip live dispersed. Large tapes are distributed throughout the territory of Chechnya. The most numerous are teips8:
Benoy (70-80 thousand people.) the largest number of representatives of the teip live in the Urus-Martan and Nozhai-Yurt. Representatives of teip Benoy is up to seventy percent of the Chechen diaspora outside of Chechnya.
Jinho (40-45 thousand people.), the largest number of representatives of teip live in Grozny and Urus-Martan district.
Gendergenoy (20-25 thousand people.) representatives live mainly in the Nadterechny and Urus-Martan districts.
Alleroy (20-25 thousand people.) Core areas are Shali, Nozhai-Yurt. Ersenoy (20-25 thousand people.) Core areas are Nozhai-Yurt and Shali.
Division into two groups of Chechens is not so simple question. First of all, is unclear who is called "mountain", because there is no single tape, community or family, living exclusively in the mountainous part of Chechnya1. All tapes have a birth place of Chechnya in the mountains, and in this sense, all Chechens have links with mountain Chechnya. It is therefore wrong to give "mountain," meaning the lower class. A closer analysis reveals that the term "Sully" (Sully - a word that means the Chechen language Dagestani or Avar were so called) is addressed those "last name" (small units in teip), which is really relevant to the Dagestani, at least - to Georgians, Cossacks, other non-Chechen groups. So really, this term implies a "non-Chechen" - or rather, "rootless". It only exists in more mountain villages where everyone knows each other and strangers completely "ochechenitsya"(to become Chechen) practically impossible.
In the mountain villages they remember well and long “who is who” and mountain’s Sully it is better recognizable descendants of non-indigenous. Sully, who have mastered the plain, largely mixed with the plane, and determine "who is who" is more difficult2.
The definition of "mountain Chechens" is a rather modern interchechensky stereotype of people from the village3. Those who call themselves the "planar Chechens", it is likely to city residents who are faced with an obvious "invasion" of Chechens in the village of various power structures and institutions. Citizens perceive jealously new habitants and actively assimilating by them places that they believe do not belong to "these dark mountain people." By the way, they exaggerate the number of "mountain", as before the war, a small portion of the population lived in mountains because of the hardship. After the war, in the mountain villages there were very few people.
Dagestan4. Republic with the largest population in the NC, it is sometimes called "the Caucasian Federation", "Russia in miniature." Area is 50.3 square kilometers. Population is 2711679 or 1.91% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). Administrative divisions are 39 districts, 9 cities, 15 urban villages. According geographical and ethno-demographic characteristics Dagestan is divided into four main regions:
- Mountain West and Southwest, populated by Avars, Dargins, Laks, Ando-didoytsami and other mountaineers;
- Southern Mountain, home Lezgins, Aguls, Tabasarans and Azeris;
- Plain center and East (a significant part Kumyk plain takes), which are autochthonous Kumyks and Chechens akkintsy;
- Steppe and semi-arid North (the Nogai steppe takes a significant part), where there are the Cossack and Nogai settlements.
National composition of population in descending order is as follows: the Avars, Dargins, Kumyks, Lezgins, Laks, Russian, Tabasarans, Chechens, Nogai, Rutuls, Aguls, Tats, Tsakhurs, Azeris, Tatars, Armenians, Udi, Mountain Jews.
The population increase steadily it results solely from the natural growth that blocks the negative migration balance. Rural population (about 60%) predominate. The highest natural increase is observed in Avar, Dargin, Lezgins, Kumyk and tabasarantsev. In Russian, Tatar and Azeri natural decline persists, due to the continuing departure from the Republic of predominantly young people. Despite of the criminal's death (the kidnapping and murder), in Dagestan noted the lowest mortality rates in relation to the subjects of the Russian Federation.
The total fertility rate in Dagestan is 15.9% (2004), which are about 1.3 bouts higher than the average for the North Caucasus region (12.0) and almost 1.6 times higher than in Russia (10 and 2). The overall mortality rate (6.0%) is 2 bouts lower than in the republics of the NC (13.6) and 2.7 bout lower than in Russia (16.4). Therefore, the overall rate of natural increase (9.9%) is one of the highest in Russia.
In accordance with Russian legislation, the State Council of Dagestan is entitled to determine which people are "indigenous" and who is not1. As a result "native", or so-called "Constitutional" are 14 nations: the Avars (which include self-linguistically andiytsy, archintsy, ahvahtsy, bagulaltsy, bezhtintsy, botlihtsy, genuhtsy, godaberintsy, gunzibtsy, didoytsy, karatintsy, tindintsy, hvarshintsy and chamalintsy) Dargins (including including Kubachins and kaytagtsy) Kumyks, Lezgins, Laks, tabasarantsy, Chechens akkintsy, Azeris, Nogai, Rutuls, agultsy, tsahurtsy.
The paradox is that, in accordance with Federal law "About Guarantees of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Federation", the indigenous peoples are those whose number is less than 50 thousand people. Actually in Dagestan live 32 indigenous people, of whom 18 were excluded from the ethnic map of Dagestan. Already there have been protests by ethnic national representatives of the people, which is automatically attached to this or that, as a rule, the larger nation.
Demographic characteristics of some people:
Avars2 (self - maarulal) is the largest indigenous people of Dagestan, compact groups also live in Chechnya (6.3 thousand), Kalmykia (3.9 thousand), Azerbaijan (44.1 thousand), Georgia (4,2 thousand people), Kazakhstan (2.8 thousand). On the grounds of dialectal Avars are divided into northern (salatavsky and Hunzah dialects) and southern (andalalsky, antsuhsky, gidatlinsky, karahsky, batluhsky, dzharsky dialects). The great mass of the Avars live in mountains and alpine zones of West and South-western Dagestan, since 40's the process of relocation of the Avars in the lowlands has started. More than 40% of the Avar live outside their historic range of the conditioned (Avvaria).
Dargins (self - Dargan) is the second largest indigenous people of Dagestan large groups also live in the Stavropol territory (32.7 thousand) and Kalmykia (12.9 thousand). Some researchers include in the Dargin dargino-speaking kaytagtsy and Kubachins and preserving ethnic identity. Dargins live in the central part of Dagestan, in the foothills and mountainous areas. During the Soviet period the part of Dargin moved to the plains (Kaiakent, Khasavyurt, Nogai and other areas), and most live outside of Dargin conditional historic range.
Kumyks3 (self - kumuk) is the largest of the Turkic ethnic groups of the NC and the third largest among the peoples of Dagestan (14.2% of the population). The total number of Kumyks in Russia and CIS countries, according to Census 1989 is 281.9 thousand people, and now (according to 2002 census) in the Russian Federation - 422.4 thousand, including Dagestan - 365.8 thousand people. Growth during this period between censuses was 1.5 bouts.
The greatest achievement in the demographic development in the XX century Kumyk should be considered as a rapid growth in their numbers in 1950 - 1970 but the biggest loss is a sharp reduction in the ethnic areas, resulting in Kumyks become a minority in their native ethnic territory - Kumyk plain and adjacent foothills and plains of Terek River to the north and Bashlychay and Ulluchay in the south. More than half (53%) of them are accommodated in eight rural districts. About half of the Kumyk concentrated in cities and towns, formerly Kumyk villages and converted into urban settlements.
Outside of Dagestan in other regions of Russia are around 57 thousand people or more than 13% of all Kumyk of the R.F. First, the historically indigenous ethnic territories in large groups Kumyks live in Gudermes and Grozny districts of the Chechen Republic (about 9 thousand people) and Mozdok district of North Ossetia - Alania (about 13 thousand people). Secondly, a large part of Kumyk settled in recent decades in the Stavropol Territory (about 6 thousand people), as well as in the Tyumen region. (more than 12 thousand people), Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra (about 10 thousand people) and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District (about 3 thousand). Thanks to organized mass contribution of migration on a considerable part of the mountaineers Kumyk plain, which was a consequence of overcrowding Kumyk lands and the growing problems of employment.
Relatively large communities of Kumyks also live in Moscow and Moscow Region (2.4 thousand), Astrakhan and Rostov regions (at 1.4), Volgograd region, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmykia, Krasnodar Territory (by 0.9 - 0.6) and in St. Petersburg (0.5 thousand).
In foreign countries Kumyk diaspora began to form in the XIX century: Turkey, Jordan, Syria and other countries. In the near and far abroad today Kumyks also live in the republics of Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Germany, Denmark.
Lezgins (self - lezgiyar) - the indigenous population of South-Eastern Dagestan, live in Kurahskom, Suleiman Stalskiy, Magaramkentskom, Ahtynskom, Rutul and Hivsky regions of Dagestan and neighboring regions of Azerbaijan (Cuban and Kusary areas, 171.4 thousand people), small group - in other regions (for example, in the Stavropol Territory - 5.2 thousand). The total number is 466 thousand people, living in Dagestan 43.9% Lezgins. Lezgins divided into three dialect groups: kyurinskie and Samur Lezgins - in Dagestan, the Cuban Lezgins - Azerbaijan.
Laks (self - lak) - indigenous of highland areas of Dagestan, live in the central part of Nagorniy Dagestan, (Lak and Kulinsky regions), in the 40s it was the resettlement of the Laks in the plain areas (Novolakskoye - Former Auhovsky). Up to 45% Laks live outside their historic range conditional. Small groups of Laks live in the Stavropol region (2.2 thousand) and other regions.
Tabasarans (self - Tabasaran) are indigenous of south-eastern part of Dagestan live in Hivskiy, Tabasaran and Derbent districts.
Chechens - akkints1 (auhovtsy) (self - akkoy) is the indigenous population of the Terek-Sulakskogo watershed of the plain areas of Dagestan, live in Khasavyurt and Novolak areas. Some researchers include akkintsev of the Chechen nation, while others (mostly members themselves akkintsev) consider them separate Nakh (Vainakh) people.
In October 1943, as part of DagASSR was formed Auhovsky area in which the compact Chechens akkintsy lived. In February 1944, the Chechens were deported akkintsy together with the Chechens and Ingush to Central Asia, and renamed the area Auhovsky to Novolakskoye (this part was included in Auha "Avar" Kazbek district) and populated by Dagestani mountaineers, mostly by Laks and Avars. After the lifting of the deportation in 1957, the great mass of akkintsev returned to Dagestan.
Nogai (self - nogay) - indigenous people of the steppe zone of Caucasus, which were the basis of ethnic Turkic and Mongol nomads Irtysh and North-Western Mongolia, Central Asia and Caucasus. The total number - 75.6 thousand people, 37.4% of the Nogailive in Dagestan, Stavropol Territory - 20,6%, in the Karachay-Cherkessia - 17.2%, in Chechnya - 9.1%, in the Astrakhan region - 5 , 3%. Sub-ethnic groups: karanogaytsy (Dagestan and Chechnya), and Kuma achikulakskie Nogai (Stavropol region), Kuban Nogai (Karachay-Cherkessia), Astrakhan Nogai (Astrakhan region). In Dagestan, Nogai populate northern (steppe) districts of the republic - Karanogayskuyu steppe. In 1938, four northern district of Dagestan (Achikulakskaya steppe), inhabited by the Nogai, were transferred to the Stavropol Territory.
Rutuls (self - Mykh adbyr, myuhadar) - the indigenous population of Southern Dagestan, and live in Rutul Ahtynskom areas, a small group lives in Nukhi region of Azerbaijan.
Aguls (self - agular) - indigenous south-eastern part of Dagestan, inhabit Agul Kurahsky areas, since 60 years the part of Aguls was resettled in Derbent District. Tata1 (name - tat) - an ethnic group of people, most of whom reside in Iran (300 thousand). Relatively large groups live in Dagestan Tats (12.9 thousand) and Azerbaijan (10.2 thousand). The great mass of the population live in urban areas.
Tsakhurs (self - yyhby) is the indigenous population of Southern Dagestan and northern Azerbaijan. The total number is 19.8 thousand people, living in Dagestan Tsakhurs are 26.3%, in Azerbaijan - 67.2% (13.3 thousand). In Dagestan they populate mountainous area of Rutul district, upper reaches of the river Samur.
Andean nations: andiytsy, ahvahtsy, bagulaly, botlihtsy, godoberintsy, karatintsy, Tyndall, chamalaly are indigenous people of Western Dagestan, akin to Avars. Total (with tsezskimi people) is 55-60 thousand people. They live in mountainous areas (Andean and Bogossky ridges, basins Andean Koisu, Ansadiril) during the Soviet period the Andean people migrated to the plains, in Kizlyar, Khasavyurt, Kizilyurt and Babayurtovsky regions.
Tsezskie people: tsezy (didoytsy) ginuhintsy, gunzibtsy, bezhtintsy, hvarshiny - the indigenous population of West and South-West Dagestan, akin to Avars. They live in ravines near the border with Georgia strip along the river valleys Motmota, Ilan-hevy, Kideri and others in the basin of Hwang-or, Samberi-hevy in the upper reaches of Andean Koisu, during the Soviet period of tsezskih peoples migrated to the plains on plain of area Kumyk (Babayurtovsky, Khasavyurt and Kizilyurt District).
Archintsy (self - arshishtib) - the indigenous population of Dagestan mountain zone akin to Avars. In censuses and studies since 1939 were included in the composition of the Avars. The total number is about a thousand people.
Kaytagtsy (self - haydak) - the indigenous population of the middle part of Dagestan, akin Dargins (some researchers believe kaytagtsy of Dargin sub-ethnic groups). They live in mountain, foothill and lowland zones. The total number in 1938 was 17.2 thousand people, in the censuses and studies since 1939 were included in the Dargin.
Kubachins (self - ugbugan) - the indigenous population of the middle part of Dagestan, akin Dargins (some researchers believe Kubachins sub-ethnic groups of Dargins). They are actually residents of one village - the village of Kubachi of Dahadaevsy district of Dagestan. The total number is about 5 thousand people, including Kubachi - about two thousand people, in the censuses and studies since the late 20s were included in the Dargin.
Udi (self - Udi) the indigenous population of eastern Transcaucasia. The total number is about eight thousand people live in Azerbaijan (city village Nij and town Vartashen of Kutkashensky area of 6.1 thousand), Dagestan (about 1 thousand), and Georgia.
North Ossetia - Alania. Area - 8 sq. km Population - 701 807, or 0.49% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). The Ossetians are composed of three sub-ethnic groups: irontsev, digortsev (North Ossetia) and husarov or kudartsev (South Ossetia). Ossetian community is also in the Kabardino-Balkaria (10 thousand), Karachay-Cherkessia (3.8 thousand), Dagestan (1.2 thousand), the Krasnodar region (2.5 thousand), Krasnoyarsk Territory (1.6 thousand) and other Russian regions. In Georgia (including South Ossetia) to the early 90's 164 thousand of Ossetians lived.
Administrative division: there are 8 districts, 6 cities, 7 towns, 91 rural administrations. Ossetians make up the majority of the population in all regions of North Ossetia, with the exception of Mozdok (in the north of the country), where more than half of the population is Russian, and relatively large group of Kumyk lives.
Kabardino-Balkaria. Area is 12.5 square kilometers Population is 892 389, or 0.63% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). Ethnic composition: Kabardian (51.5%), Balkar (12.9%), Russian (25.0%) and others
Kabardian (self - Adyge) together with the Adyghe, Circassian and Shapsugs are Circassian ethnic
Balkar (self - taulula) together with the Karachay is Karachay-Balkar ethnic group. Balkar divided into five local sub-ethnic groups that inhabit the canyons and river valleys, separated by natural boundaries of mountain relief (Balkaria, Chegem, Baksan Valley, the valleys of the Western and Eastern Cherek).
Kalmykia. Area is 76.1 square kilometers. Population is 284 001, or 0.2% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). Kalmyks (self- halmg). Total number of Kalmyks is about 330 thousand people, including the Russian Federation - 165.8 thousand people. Less than half of Kalmyk (44.3%) live in Kalmykia, compact settlements Kalmyk there are also in Astrakhan (8.2 thousand), Volgograd (1.7 thousand), Rostov, Orenburg, Stavropol region, in Siberia. About 150 thousand of Kalmyk migrated to the XVIII century from Russia to China, live in Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China. Small groups of Kalmyk live in Central Asia, the United States (nearly 2 thousand people), France (about 1 thousand people), in several European countries. Administrative divisions: there are 13 districts, 3 cities, 6 towns, 102 village councils.
Karachay-Cherkessia. Area - 14.1 square kilometers Population - 427 194, or 0.3% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). Ethnic composition: Karachai (33.4%), Circassian (11.9%), Russian (33.6%) Abaza (8.8%) Nogai (5.3%), etc.
Karachais (self - krachaylyla) are Kypchak group of Turkic peoples. Together with the Balkars there is Karachay-Balkar ethnic community. Most Karachais (about 90% of the total number of ethnic communities KCR) live in Karachayevsk (11.9%) and five districts: Little Karachay (21.3%), Ust-Dzhegurtinskom (18.5%), Karachay (14.4%), Kuban (12.6) and Zelenchuk (11.2). There are small groups also in Karachais in Cherkessk (6.7%) and in Urupskiy area (2.7%). In this Karachais constitute an absolute majority in three areas: Karachay (73.9% of the population of the region), Little Karachay (75.2%), and Ust-Dzhegurtinskom (51.8%). In the Kuban region (49.7%) and in Karachayevsk (44.9%) Karachay is the most numerous ethnic group in the Zelenchuk (27.8%) and Urupskiy (15.9%) regions account for a significant proportion of the population. They also live in Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Syria, the United States.
Circassians (self - Adyghe) with Adygei, and Kabardins Shapsugs Circassians are Adyg (Circassian) ethnic community. The Circassians are distributed more compactly: more than half of the Circassian population lives in Habezskom area (52.4% of the total number of ethnic communities KCR), and still more than a third - in Cherkessk (25.1%) and Adyge-Hablskom area (12, 8%). Small groups of Circassians live in the Karachay region (2.8%), Karachaevsk (2.4%), Kuban (2%), and Ust-Dzhegurtinskom (1.4%) regions. The Circassians constitute an absolute majority only in Habezskom area (78.3% of the population of the region). Significant share of the Circassians live in Adyge-Hablskom area (19.1%) and in Cherkessk (9%).
Russian. The great part of Russian population lives in Cherkessk (43.3%), Zelenchuk (19.7%), Urupskiy (9.5%), and Ust-Dzhegurtinskom (9.04%) regions. Small groups of Russian is in Karachayevsk (7.5%), Kuban (4.6%), Adyge-Hablskom (2.9%), Karachay (1.7%) and Little Karachay (1.5%) regions .
Abaza (self - Abaza) - indigenous people of North-Western Black Sea, in the XIV-XVII centuries, moved into the upper reaches of the Kuban, Laba, Urup, Teberda, Small and Large Zelenchuk. Together with Adygs (Adygei, Kabardins, Shapsugs, Circassians) and Abkhazians is ethnic Abkhaz-Adyg community. Abaza ethnic territory adjacents to the Circassian and Karachai lands. Most Abaza (97.4% of the total number of ethnic communities KCHO) live in Cherkessk (26.5%) and five districts of the Kuban (19.3%), Habezskom (15%), Adyge-Hablskom (12.6 %), Karachay-Malo (12.6%), and Ust-Dzhegurtinskom (11.4%). There is a small group of Abaza in Karachayevsk (1.7%). Abaza are not a majority in any district. They constitute a significant proportion of the population in four areas: the Kuban (16.2% of the population of the district), Habezskom (15.3%), Adyge-Hablskom (12.9%) and Little Karachay (9.4%).
Nogai (self - nogay) - indigenous people of the steppe zone of Caucasus, which were the basis of ethnic Turkic and Mongol nomads of Irtysh and North-Western Mongolia, Central Asia and Caucasus. Nogai language belongs to the Kipchak group of Turkic languages. In the Karachay-Cherkessia live: Nogai 17.2%, who are separate sub-ethnic groups - Kuban Nogais. Large compact settlements of Nogai are in Dagestan, Stavropol region, Chechnya, the Astrakhan region. Nogai live compactly close to the Circassians. More than two-thirds of the Nogai settled in Adyge-Hablskom area (77.4% of the total number of ethnic communities KCR), a tenth - in Cherkessk (10.5%). Small groups are in Habezskom Nogai (4.9%), Kuban (2.3%), Karachay (1.7%) areas, in Karachayevsk (1.3%), and Ust-Dzhegurtinskom area (1.1%) . Nogai constitute relative majority (more than a third of the population) in Adyge-Hablskom area (37.8% of the population of the region). In other regions, KCR Nogai’s share is very low (2.4 to 0.1%).
Administrative division: 8 districts, 4 cities, 11 urban villages. Ethno-demographic structure of Karachay-Cherkessia is complicated by the mosaic and the "overlapping of" ethnic territories principal peoples of the republic.
Adygea. Population - 442 775 or 0.31% of the population of the Russian Federation (Federal State Statistics Service estimate 1.01.2009). Adygeys with Kabardins, Circassians and Shapsugs present Adyg (Circassian) ethnic community. There are compact settlements of Adygei in neighboring areas of the Krasnodar Territory. They also live in many countries, mainly in the Middle East ("muhajirs" - exiles), which is usually called Circassians settled and compact side by side with abazintsami, Abkhazians and others Muhajirs (exiles) in Turkey (150 thousand people ), Jordan (25 thousand), Iran (15 thousand), Iraq (5 thousand), Lebanon (2 thousand), Syria (32 thousand), only about 250 thousand people. The total number of Adygei is about 750 thousand people
Administrative-territorial division: 7 districts, 2 cities of republican subordination, 5 towns, 50 rural administrations. Priority areas of settlement are Teuchezhsky Adygei, Shovgenovsky and Koshehablsky areas. In Tahtamukayskom district they represent about one third of the population, Krasnogvardejskiy - less than a quarter, and Maikop in Giaginskiy areas Adygei population is negligible. Areas densely populated by Russian-speaking population, among which is dominated by descendants of the Kuban Cossacks are Giaginskiy, Maikop and Krasnogvardiysky districts of Adygea. The total number of republics SC Adygea is the exception in many ways, and most of all demographics. The number of representatives of the titular nation in Adygea is 2.5 times less than the Russian population (288.0 and 108.0 ths., Respectively). Russian share in Adygea is 64.5%, is the highest figure in the republics of the NC, it just is not much inferior to the Astrakhan region.
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