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3. CULTURAL FACTORS.
Culture in the broad sense of the word is the integrity, covering not only the spiritual side of society, but also materially4. People are made, played and socialized in a certain socio-cultural environment. It’s evident that the perception of reality depends on the particular cultural tradition.
The cultural landscape of the Russian Federation is a multicultural area with cultural pluralism at the regional and sub-ethnic level, encapsulating the cultural diversity, according to the census of 2002, about one hundred and eighty nations and ethnic communities5. Cultural styles of regional and local character which lived in a latent state of the regional existence, in the new Russia gained momentum to the development of ethno-cultural identity as a call to entropy effects of globalization.An active search for identity in the original open world cultural space has begun6.
Cultural factors is key to ensure the national security interests for two main reasons. First, the contacts between the nations has always been a powerful stimulus of the historical process and cultural factors, through dialogue neighboring cultures, has always been actively involved in the regulation of inter-ethnic relations7. During the interaction of several cultures there is the possibility of comparative assessment of achievements, their value and the probability of borrowing. Second, throughout the history of any expansion of the empire usually occurred simultaneously with the rise of its culture, and almost always used the full force of the empire for the approval of their values, customs and institutions of the conquered societies8. And, thirdly, in conditions of acute social instability ethnicity often serves as the Emergency Support Team, is human nature to focus on ethnic groups and often exaggerate the positive difference between their culture and others9.
American anthropologist F. Bock in the introduction to a collection of articles on cultural anthropology («Culture Shock») gives this definition of culture: "Culture in the broadest sense - this is because of what you become an outsider when you leave your house. Culture includes all the beliefs and expectations, which people expressed and show ... When you're in their group of people that share a common culture, you do not have to think about and design their words and deeds, and you and they - see the world in principle the same, you know what to expect from each other. But, being in a foreign company, you will have difficulties, feelings of helplessness and disorientation that can be called a cultural conflict.
Today's cultural conflict, which is practically formed in opposition to the peoples of the NC and the rest of Russia - it is a conflict of cultural norms and orientation not only at the level of mass, but also the individual consciousness 1 . Cross-cultural contacts are created in the struggle between two conflicting interests: on the one hand, the aspirations of the peoples to preserve their security and identity and, on the other hand, the desire for growth, synthesis and integration of advanced mutual cultural influences.
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