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4.3. Religion and Democracy in the NC.
Speaking of the relationship between Islam, Christianity and secular democracy, it is noteworthy aspects of compatibility and incompatibility, individually with a view to eastern NC (Dagestan, Chechnya and Ingushetia) and the rest of Russia. Reality confirms this compatibility, which is manifested in the existence of relative stability in Tatarstan, Bashkortostan and in the whole country. As for Dagestan, Ingushetia and Chechnya, it is referred to as aspects of the incompatibility of political Islam and secular-Orthodox Russian state, and the incompatibility of political Islam and the Salafi traditional Islam with its tolerance to ethnic traditions and customs.
The North Caucasian political Islam (traditional) to recognize democracy on the words, but anyone who does not accept religious claims, called kafirs (unbelievers), while in the presence of Christians or Jews calls them - "people of the book (the Bible, the Torah, the gospel message of God)" or simply - "non-Muslims". Salafi Islam as a political or even local (ethnic) Muslims do not observe all the requirements of Shariah, said non-Muslims. In this respect, traditional Islam would seem kind of tolerant pluralism as a principle of democracy, but democracy in the suppression of atheism is unacceptable, and psychological ideological suppression of the open public atheism in the NC indicates the one-sidedness of democracy in the sphere of freedom of conscience. And the Muslim accusation that he is a non-Muslim carries a charge of psychological warfare on the NC, which further inhibits the open atheism.
As for the rest part of the Russian Federation (area and region), then perhaps we should speak not about democracy in general, and about the existence of "orthodox democracy". Since all of what any serious democratic problems are solved in favor of Orthodoxy: to serve a Christian appearance of cities, to restore the Orthodox churches in the difficulty of construction of mosques (for example, in Sochi), etc. At the same democratic principles used and Orthodox in the fight against Islam and Islam in the struggle against the Orthodox dominance.
Islam in the NC is seeking to undermine the Russian Orthodox dominance at least in its territory. And it successfully managed. One of the most acute contradictions between Islam and Orthodox Christianity is that Islam demands equality with the Orthodox Church in the whole Russia (to change the coat of arms of the Russian Federation, etc.), it is democratic. The Orthodox world is in favor of continuing its dominance - its domination on its territory and uses to it democratic principles, pointing to the most quantitative.
When it comes to the incompatibility of religion and democracy in modern Russia, the question is not so much of the existing armed struggle against the supporters of Salafi Islam in democratic tradition, as the acute contradictions and constant painful confrontation with one hand any Islam, on the other hand, the power of secular-Orthodox democracy.
It is also necessary to pay attention to this aspect of religion, as inherent to Islam and Orthodox Christianity the desire to runaway expansion. Expansiveness of Islam and Orthodox Christianity manifests in an effort to expand its sphere of religion, and especially among ethnically predisposed to it. This is contrary to the pluralism of democracy. In Russia there is tolerance and while intolerance for other religions. At present, there are very few people who are not covered by traditional religions. Therefore, it is a qualitative increase in the number of "strict" of believers, both Orthodox and Muslims.
The existence of religious and democratic conflict is in fact evidence of unsolvability of problems of democracy, which by their nature are a source feeding extremism and terrorism. Main clash in Russia and especially in the NC this is a clash of principles of democracy and the principle of universality of religion, missionaries and in Islam and in Orthodoxy. In 2009, in Rostov-on-Don was held an international conference entitled: "Tolerance and toleration in the North Caucasus." At the conference, an Orthodox priest, taking part in its deliberations and discussions told about non-stealing various sects and other religions, Orthodox and Muslim congregation. At the same time at open discussions almost all the clergy support the freedom of religion and religious agitation (missionary work). That is important to their religions their adherents believe, first, the struggle for the preservation of religious believers in the womb at the same time opens the door to the neophytes of the other religions and do everything for coming representatives into other religions a "true faith and be saved." This is just one aspect of religious universalism, which is incompatible with pluralism.
Supporters of Islamic universalism in the NC, but the slogan of the triumph of Islam all over the world, and put the internal problems in the Muslim republics, namely: to achieve a consistent way of life of Muslims of Islam until the establishment of an Islamic state. These views are contrary to democracy, which in Russia is a secular and Orthodox, which provokes typical question: "Should democracy be different in Russia, an area where Islam has never been dominant, but always prevailed orthodoxy, and only about seventy years atheism?"
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