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4. THE RELIGIOUS FACTOR.
Perhaps, there is no other topic is more delicate, closely related to morality, ethics, and ethnicity than religion. It is believed that the Russian household and group conflicts between different peoples, even in the hard confrontation are usually not religious. But the values of Orthodoxy were not always coincided with common values of the Russian state, at the same time this religion gives utmost importance to the history and development of the state. Today, almost all political forces (Center and the republics of the NC) treat a particular religion as an attribute of ethnicity. When politicians talk about the problems of the Russian people, then insert into their "little bit of orthodoxy" has become almost mandatory standard, there is a nationalization or even ethnization of church. Caucasian politicians of different orientations have as the rule of "good tone" to publicize their commitment "to Islamic traditions."
Religion can be considered as a catalyst of national rivalries, and religious arguments are one of the key in the production of violence, based on being born xenophobia, intolerance, and that ultimately leads to the mobilization of physical violence . Thus, suffering from the ruling majority, unable to meet their religious needs, are the initiators of violence and use religious arguments for the preservation, revival or protection of their religion.
Now on the NC there are more than 40% of all Russian Muslims. At the same time migrants from the NC are more active in carrying out of religious dogma than the Muslims of the Volga, and in many cities in central Russia, form the basis of mosque attendance. Pilgrims from Dagestan, the overwhelming majority of Russians traveling to the Hajj, and his Muslim schools are learning a lot more students than the total of all other regions. The importance of the "Islamic" factor is recognized by all, yet its role and influence on identity formation in specific situations are different. Religious affiliation of Peoples was always the most obvious feature, for them it was one of the aspects of the formation of national identity, but of course not unique, since most of the ancestors of today's Muslims to Islam is not always based on religious conviction.
Islam and Orthodox Christianity are the two leading-largest denominations, which was established between the spirit of mutual understanding in the Russian Federation, but only between the official religious leaders. Increased lately (all levels) statements like: "In Russia, a country with a huge number of Muslims, there is no practically public policy at the Center of the Muslim community. Of course, they are in the government, but officials followed an unwritten code: skip to the Islam religion, although visits by top officials of the Orthodox worship have become a tradition. "Sometimes tensions can arise even due to the emotional perception of too much religious symbolism. Thus, the image on the crosses (from downstream part of the "font of Christ") a lot of people incline to interpret as a triumph of Christianity over Islam. Not unite national and religious communities contribute to Russia and now existing national symbols of Russia - the Muslim community of the country has repeatedly raised the issue of arms of Russia, which contains images of crosses.
The religious factor in ethno-political processes in the North Caucasus macro-region forms a special environment of inter-group interaction, which is affected by not only the confessional, but also intra-relationships influence, which makes the possibility of intra-contradictions, determined the religious factor. A special place here is one of the challenges posed by the situation of religious pluralism, namely, that by itself religious pluralism is insufficient in a more religious spaces in which the process of aggregation of the elites and the masses of the ethnic and religious grounds, as there are social actors are present who seek to establish their own identity, and also legitimate religion. Given this, we can conclude that the significant impact of Islamic religious factor on the development of ethno-political processes at the NC, most likely will persist for the foreseeable future.
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