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5.6. Ethnoklan.

In the North Caucasus region ethnoklan as one of the manifestations of the process gruppovization, advocates for the maintenance of a controlled ethnoconflict that a specific feature of ethno-political processes in this region and serves in various multi-ethnic region as an obstacle to social and economic modernization. Ethnic clans in the NC are not necessarily ethnically homogeneous communities. Such aggregation is often formed from several families, close relatives, then to ensure their functioning attracted people who are not with the founders of the clan and kinship do not necessarily belong to the same ethnic group. The core of the clan groups usually is mono-ethnic, but the ethnic character of the community has a dominant value to its members until such time as the clan does not come into conflict over economic or political resources with another clan. Ethnic and kinship identity elements are the main attributes of a successful member of the clan, as well as the pledge of a vertical lift. Such materials are filled with references to "clans" Kadyrov Aliyev Yevkurov Khasbulatov Khachilayev, Aushev Amirov Magomedov and many others.

Shadow clan networks do not act as a liaison between individuals, but as a system of hidden relationships within the usual social group, strengthened by personal mutual trust of its members, which allows state authorities if necessary to negotiate with the aggregation taking on some of the functions to provide stability in certain areas, while earning a tacit economic preferences of the state, which often are expressed in non-intervention in their sphere of economic influence.

In the case of ethnoklan system, additional and perhaps the most significant markers for the participants is ethnicity and kinship. In fact, these elements of identity, and deep personal relationships of trust with the leader of the clan are the main attributes of a successful member of the clan. One of the main reasons for this situation is the penetration of archaic ethnic structures in the management of "national republics". Clans have a strong, stable ethnic identity, the consolidated worldview however this worldview cannot be synchronized with the national objectives as well as operates the categories of ethnic group, and no nation or state. Hence there are all the failures of attempts to modernize the NC.

Persistence of traditional tribal organization, transplanted to post-Soviet reality, gives an almost ready-made model of the clan, which greatly aggravated by the lack of Russian government leaders, heads of party and other civic organizations, business leaders and industrial sectors of the economy in a number of other areas of employment states. Although, in practice, modern Caucasian clans do not fully coincide with the boundaries of race and other communities preserved from the past (for example, teips and tukhum of Chechens).
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