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8.2. Ethnosituation in Sochi.
The city of Sochi is a single municipality, which includes 4 administrative district of inner city: Adler, Hostinsky, Central, and Lazarev, which in turn are made up of 11 rural districts and a village, 69 villages, 3 villages and 7 small villages. Its territory is 145 km. Sochi is most often considered as the active region of immigration, high levels of inter-ethnic contacts and as a border area.
In recent years the population has markedly increased due to migration processes. During 12 months of 2009 in Sochi were registered 20 095 Russian citizens, an increase of 4.7% against the same period last year (19 202) and from the register 10 305, an increase of 13.5% last year (9079). Natural population growth in 2009 was - 694 people. Born - 5888 people, for the same period last year, 5799 people; Dead - 5194 people. For the same period of 2008 are 5442 people.
The simultaneity of the settlement of these territories by different ethnic groups, put everybody in an equal position of migrants, which did not allow any one of them claim to be an age-old owner of land on the status of "indigenous". Such a situation, providing more or less equal conditions for all ethnic groups, for a long time has been affected the nature of inter-ethnic cooperation.
The Council of National Associations of Sochi was established in 1998 at the initiative of the heads of national associations of the city of Sochi, which is currently comprised of 27 national societies of the city. Currently, the Council of national associations is a serious social organization, including more than 100 thousand inhabitants of Sochi.
Pay attention the tendency of big businesses representatives to identify with their ethnic group, though they observ significant association between respondents' nationality and employment. Russian mainly concentrated in the public sphere, including the traditional sphere of health-resort service, Caucasians - in small and medium-sized businesses. Obviously, such Ethno-social differentiation did not emerge yesterday, and is a legacy of the Soviet informal policy of "national quota" of the structure of employment. But anyway, now you can praclame with a high probability that the sphere of small and medium businesses in today's Sochi is perceived as a more prosperous population, against the background of current issues, mostly as a Caucasian ethnoekonomic niche.
This area is clearly experiencing increasing pressure mainly Russian youth-oriented active economic activities in this sphere that is focused on the destruction of existing ethnoekonomical boundaries. This explains why in the activity-oriented group is high significance of nationality as the actual capital. Today there is no open ethnic conflict in this regard. In action-oriented group, where the majority is Russian, poorly developed focus on "we-consolidation." If changing towards greater competitiveness, unemployment solidarity on the basis of nationality could rise and if the new employment at the Olympic construction sites is provided mainly invited inoetnich migrants, ethnic painted social contradictions can be open and turn into resentment by those who do not take into account the interests of local people.
In Sochi there are quite actively working ethno cultural associations. The respective nationalities know about these people (the level of awareness of their activities is higher than in other regions) and through them the cases of conflict interactions are regulated, they were carrying out support for refugees arrive. In Russian there are no such organizations. And in cases of personal and group conflicts Russian claim to government agencies, sometimes the leaders of the diaspora (fixed reference to the Armenians), sometime towards the Cossacks, and in some cases go back to radical groups. In this connection it should consider ways of solidarity Russian warning consolidation of radical people (especially young people).
One important way to solidarity is a supra-ethnic integration - approval of Russian identity. In Sochi, Russia recorded a high level of identity, but the experts and respondents in the interviews often pay attention to the negative attitude towards the regional identity of the "Kuban", forced her plantation. Introduction of the subject "Kubanovedenie" in compulsory education is also opposition to Sochi residents.
At present, in the city of Sochi was officially registered local religious organization "Society of Muslims," Yasin "," led by R.N. Ramazanova (tartar). In Sochi City Administration has repeatedly received treatment from R.N. Ramazanova on the allocation of land for construction of the mosque and the national cultural center. Given that in the city of Sochi persons professing Islam are dispersed, in order to avoid conflict situations, the allocation of land for the construction of the mosque will be considered an analysis of public opinion of inhabitants of the neighborhood, where an estimated could be built a mosque, or a national cultural center.
Employees of Sochi City Administration has repeatedly put forward a proposal to a manager of Muslim society, "Yasin" and the current Mufti of Sochi and Tuapse B.M. Shhalahovu the transfer of the Municipality of the mosque, located in the village Thagapsh. The first rejected the proposal because of the remoteness of the mosque from Adler district, while the second has not yet taken the initiative to establish a religious organization.
They also consider the construction of a synagogue in the city of Sochi. The 25th of September 2008 was signed a contract for the provision of land for use under a lease granted for the construction (lease). Lease agreement was concluded between the municipality resort city of Sochi (Lessor), represented by Director of Property Relations of the Sochi City Administration A.P. Nikitin, on the one hand, and a local religious organization "Sochi city Jewish community" (Tenant), represented by Borislav Iosifovich Yagudin, on the other hand, according to the resolution of the Mayor of Sochi, the 09.09.2008 entered into an agreement that: Lessor agrees to provide in temporary use and possession, and the Lessee to the terms of this Agreement takes the total land area of 1,500 (one thousand five hundred) square meters, including 789 sq.m. - Zone encumbrance engineering services, from land settlements, located at the city of Sochi, Central district, st. Dagomys, for construction of the synagogue.
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